plot() function is used to draw points (markers) in a diagram.
The function takes parameters for specifying points in the diagram.
Parameter 1 specifies points on the x-axis.
Parameter 2 specifies points on the y-axis.
At its simplest, you can use the
plot() function to plot two numbers against each other:
Draw one point in the diagram, at position (1) and position (3):
To draw more points, use vectors:
Draw two points in the diagram, one at position (1, 3) and one in position (8, 10):
You can plot as many points as you like, just make sure you have the same number of points in both axis:
For better organization, when you have many values, it is better to use variables:
y <- c(3, 7, 8, 9, 12)
Sequences of Points
If you want to draw dots in a sequence, on both the x-axis and the y-axis, use the
Draw a Line
plot() function also takes a
type parameter with the value
l to draw a line to connect all the points in
plot() function also accept other parameters,
if you want to customize the graph with a main title and different labels for
the x and y-axis:
There are many other parameters you can use to change the appearance of the points.
col="color" to add a color to the
cex=number to change the size
of the points (
1 is default, while
0.5 means 50% smaller, and
2 means 100% larger):
pch with a value from 0 to 25 to change the point shape format:
The values of the
pch parameter ranges from 0 to 25, which means that we can choose up to 26 different types of